Formulas combine many elements. Listed below are:

• Functions take parameters, perform an operation, and return a value. For example, Sqrt(25) returns 5. Functions are modeled after Microsoft Excel functions. Some functions have side effects, such as SubmitForm, which are appropriate only in a behavior formula such as Button.OnSelect.

• Signals return information about the environment. For example, Location returns the device's current GPS coordinates. Signals don't take parameters or have side effects.

• Enumerations return a pre-defined constant value. For example, Color is an enumeration that has pre-defined values for Color.Red, Color.Blue, and so forth. Common enumerations are included here; function-specific enumerations are described with the function.

• Named operators, such as ThisItem and Parent, provide access to information from within a container.

Other elements include:

## A

Abs – Absolute value of a number.

Acos – Returns the arccosine of a number, in radians.

Acot – Returns the arccotangent of a number, in radians.

And – Boolean logic AND. Returns true if all arguments are true. You can also use the && operator.

App – Returns information about the currently running app, such as which screen is currently displayed.

Asin – Returns the arcsine of a number, in radians.

Atan – Returns the arctangent of a number, in radians.

Atan2 – Returns the arctangent based on an (x,y) coordinate, in radians.

Average – Calculates the average of a table expression or a set of arguments.

## B

Back – Displays the previous screen.

Blank – Returns a blank value that can be used to insert a NULL value in a data source.

## C

Calendar – Retrieves information about the calendar for the current locale.

Char – Translates a character code into a string.

Clear – Deletes all data from a collection.

ClearCollect – Deletes all data from a collection and then adds a set of records.

Clock – Retrieves information about the clock for the current locale.

Coalesce – Replaces blank values while leaving non-blank values unchanged.

Collect – Creates a collection or adds data to a data source.

Color – Sets a property to a built-in color value.

ColorValue – Translates a CSS color name or a hex code to a color value.

Concat – Concatenates strings in a data source.

Concatenate – Concatenates strings.

Count – Counts table records that contain numbers.

Cos – Returns the cosine of an angle specified in radians.

Cot – Returns the cotangent of an angle specified in radians.

CountA – Counts table records that aren't empty.

CountIf – Counts table records that satisfy a condition.

CountRows – Counts table records.

## D

DataSourceInfo – Provides information about a data source.

Date – Returns a date/time value, based on Year, Month, and Day values.

DateAdd – Adds days, months, quarters, or years to a date/time value.

DateDiff – Subtracts two date values, and shows the result in days, months, quarters, or years.

DateTimeValue – Converts a date and time string to a date/time value.

DateValue – Converts a date-only string to a date/time value.

Day – Retrieves the day portion of a date/time value.

Defaults – Returns the default values for a data source.

Degrees - Converts radians to degrees.

Disable – Disables a signal, such as Location for reading the GPS.

Distinct – Summarizes records of a table, removing duplicates.

DropColumns – Returns a table with one or more columns removed.

## E

EditForm – Resets a form control for editing of an item.

Enable – Enables a signal, such as Location for reading the GPS.

EndsWith – Checks whether a text string ends with another text string.

Errors – Provides error information for previous changes to a data source.

EncodeUrl – Encodes special characters using URL encoding.

Exit – Exits the currently running app.

Exp - Returns e raised to a power.

## F

Filter – Returns a filtered table based on one or more criteria.

Find – Checks whether one string appears within another and returns the location.

First – Returns the first record of a table.

FirstN – Returns the first set of records (N records) of a table.

ForAll – Calculates values and performs actions for all records of a table.

## G

GroupBy – Returns a table with records grouped together.

## H

HashTags – Extracts the hashtags (#strings) from a string.

Hour – Returns the hour portion of a date/time value.

## I

If – Returns one value if a condition is true and another value if not.

IsBlank – Checks for a blank value.

IsEmpty – Checks for an empty table.

IsMatch – Checks a string against a pattern. Regular expressions can be used.

IsNumeric – Checks for a numeric value.

IsToday – Checks whether a date/time value is sometime today.

## L

Language – Returns the language tag of the current user.

Last – Returns the last record of a table.

LastN – Returns the last set of records (N records) of a table.

Launch – Launches a web address or an app.

Left – Returns the left-most portion of a string.

Len – Returns the length of a string.

Ln – Returns the natural log.

Location – Returns your location as a map coordinate by using the Global Positioning System (GPS) and other information.

LookUp – Looks up a single record in a table based on one or more criteria.

Lower – Converts letters in a string of text to all lowercase.

## M

Max – Maximum value of a table expression or a set of arguments.

Mid – Returns the middle portion of a string.

Min – Minimum value of a table expression or a set of arguments.

Minute – Retrieves the minute portion of a date/time value.

Mod – Returns the remainder after a dividend is divided by a divisor.

Month – Retrieves the month portion of a date/time value.

## N

Navigate – Changes which screen is displayed.

NewForm – Resets a form control for creation of an item.

Not – Boolean logic NOT. Returns true if its argument is false, and returns false if its argument is true. You can also use the ! operator.

Now – Returns the current date/time value.

## O

Or – Boolean logic OR. Returns true if any of its arguments are true. You can also use the || operator.

## P

Param – Provides access to parameters passed to the app when the user opened it.

Patch – Modifies or creates a record in a data source, or merges records outside of a data source.

Pi – Returns the number π.

PlainText – Removes HTML and XML tags from a string.

Power – Returns a number raised to a power. You can also use the ^ operator.

Proper – Converts the first letter of each word in a string to uppercase, and converts the rest to lowercase.

## R

Rand – Returns a pseudo-random number.

Refresh – Refreshes the records of a data source.

Remove – Removes one or more specific records from a data source.

RemoveIf – Removes records from a data source based on a condition.

RenameColumns – Renames columns of a table.

Replace – Replaces part of a string with another string, by starting position of the string.

Reset – Resets an input control to its default value, discarding any user changes.

ResetForm – Resets a form control for editing of an existing item.

Revert – Reloads and clears errors for the records of a data source.

RGBA – Returns a color value for a set of red, green, blue, and alpha components.

Right – Returns the right-most portion of a string.

Round – Rounds to the closest number.

RoundDown – Rounds down to the largest previous number.

RoundUp – Rounds up to the smallest next number.

## S

SaveData – Saves a collection to PowerApps private storage.

Search – Finds records in a table that contain a string in one of their columns.

Second – Retrieves the second portion of a date/time value.

Set – Sets the value of a global variable.

ShowColumns – Returns a table with only selected columns.

Shuffle – Randomly reorders the records of a table.

Sin – Returns the sine of an angle specified in radians.

Sort – Returns a sorted table based on a formula.

SortByColumns – Returns a sorted table based on one or more columns.

Split – Splits a text string into a table of substrings.

Sqrt – Returns the square root of a number.

StartsWith – Checks if a text string begins with another text string.

StdevP – Returns the standard deviation of its arguments.

Substitute – Replaces part of a string with another string, by matching strings.

SubmitForm – Saves the item in a form control to the data source.

Sum – Calculates the sum of a table expression or a set of arguments.

Switch – Matches with a set of values and then evaluates a corresponding formula.

## T

Table – Creates a temporary table.

Tan - Returns the tangent of an angle specified in radians.

Text – Formats a number as a string for display.

ThisItem – When in a gallery or form, returns the data for the current item from the container.

Time – Returns a date/time value, based on Hour, Minute, and Second values.

TimeValue – Converts a time-only string to a date/time value.

TimeZoneOffset – Returns the difference between UTC and the user's local time in minutes.

Today – Returns the current date/time value.

Trim – Removes extra spaces from the ends and interior of a string of text.

TrimEnds – Removes extra spaces from the ends of a string of text only.

## U

Ungroup – Removes a grouping.

Update – Replaces a record in a data source.

UpdateContext – Sets the value of one or more context variables of the current screen.

UpdateIf – Modifies a set of records in a data source based on a condition.

Upper – Converts letters in a string of text to all uppercase.

User – Returns information about the current user.

## V

Validate – Checks whether the value of a single column or a complete record is valid for a data source.

Value – Converts a string to a number.

VarP – Returns the variance of its arguments.

ViewForm – Resets a form control for viewing of an existing item.

## W

Weekday – Retrieves the weekday portion of a date/time value.

## Y

Year – Retrieves the year portion of a date/time value.